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Clarification of China ke Ibango


Ingaba China u-Afrika ne-China Yolwandle amabango njengoko expansive njengoko abanye abantu ibango. Ambiguity malunga kangakanani of China ke maritime amabango kwi-Afrika ne-China Yolwandle wenziwe iqhosha imvelaphi nkxalabo kule imbambanoKwi-s, China ekhutshwe uthotho domestic imithetho detailing yayo maritime amabango phantsi U. Convention on Umthetho Elwandle, kuquka elinesibini nautical mile territorial seas kwaye amakhulu amabini anamashumi nautical mile exclusive kwezoqoqosho lendawo (EEZ). Nangona kunjalo, Isitshayina maps kuqhubeka siqulathe"ithoba-dashed umgca"jikelele emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle. Umgca wabonakala kuqala kwi-i-esemthethweni imaphu ekhutshwe lisebe Republic of China ngowe Emva, China waqhubeka ukusebenzisa umgca kwi yayo esemthethweni maps, kodwa zange kuchazwa into ujonge oku kubandakanya okanye ayifakwanga. Kwisithuba nje ucofe inkomfa, Kubulungiseleli ka-Langaphandle Imicimbi wabonakala ukuthatha ebalulekileyo inyathelo lesi-ngakulo clarifying China ke amabango kwi-Afrika ne-China Yolwandle - suggesting oko umgca angabinako zithetha ukuthini. Okokuqala, esilibambela, Hong Lei, elibalulekileyo phakathi disputes phezu"territorial sovereignty ka-kweziqithi kwaye reefs ye-Spratly Kweziqithi"kwaye disputes phezu maritime demarcation.

Oku kungqina elidlulileyo zemali, kubandakanywa qaphela ukuba i-United Izizwe kwi-Meyi, ukuba China uya phambili maritime amabango asele lwesivumelwano kwaye compliant kunye UNCLOS.

Phantsi UNCLOS, states unakho kuphela ibango maritime amalungelo ezifana i-EEZ ukusuka elizweni imisebenzi efana isizwe ke engaselunxwemeni okanye yayo kweziqithi. Okwesibini, kwaye ngaphezulu okubalulekileyo kukuba, esilibambela ngakumbi kuchazwe ukuba"Akukho lizwe kuquka China sele thathwa sovereignty phezu lonke Afrika ne-China Yolwandle."Ngokwenza enjalo ingxelo, eli ibinzana kuthetha ukuba"ithoba-dashed umgca"akuthethi ukuba amele ibango ukuba maritime amalungelo (ezifana historic amalungelo), kakhulu ngaphantsi ibango ukuba sovereignty phezu kwamanzi isithuba enclose yi-manani. Ngaphezulu kusenokwenzeka ukuba, umgca lubonisa ibango ukuba kweziqithi, reefs nezinye iimpawu ukuba ukuxoka ngaphakathi. Ngokuqinisekileyo, China ayikwazi ukuqhubela phambili enkulu ibango ukuba maritime amalungelo emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle ukusuka kweziqithi nezinye iimpawu ezifumaneka kwi-Spratly Kweziqithi. Nangona UNCLOS kuphela amaphepha-mvume states ukuba ibango a amabini anamashumi nautical mile EEZ ukusuka kweziqithi ukuba unako nokuxhasa osisigxina oluntu habitation, sovereignty phezu enye island unako ukuvelisa i-EEZ ka-malunga nama, unit-format.

Nangona kunjalo, nkqu articulation ka-enkulu kodwa UNCLOS-compliant ibango wayeya kunikela eziliqela okuninzi ngokomthetho imbambano isisombululo.

Izakuba cacisa apho China ke EEZ amabango kwi kweziqithi emzantsi Afrika ne-China Yolwandle overlap kunye namabango littoral states ukususela zabo coastlines. Kangangokuba, disputed kwaye undisputed kwiindawo izakuba ziphawulwe ngokucacileyo Izakuba kanjalo vumela states ukuba invoke imbambano septemba iindlela ka-UNCLOS, Inxalenye XV, apho ingaba a negotiated septemba ukuba overlapping amabango.

Kunjalo, oku nje ingxelo akuthethi ukuba amele epheleleyo uze uzalise inkcazelo ithoba-dashed umgca.

Nangona kunjalo, ikwenza ubuncinane umthetho ngaphandle omnye kunokwenzeka inkcazelo kwaye unike ithuba kuba ezinye states ukuba cinezela China ukuba ezinye cacisa indawo yayo. Taylor Fravel ufumana i-Associate Unjingalwazi Opolitiko Science kwaye ilungu Ukhuseleko Uphando udweliso Lwenkqubo kwi-Institute of Emassachusetts Iteknoloji.